March 2022 – download Windows app V1.6
The Windows PC application was updated. March: 3 new solvers for voltage regulators. February new features: edit your own triode models, draw transconductance, internal resistance, amplification factor.
18 solvers. Display specific operating points by clicking in anode curves.
Since January 2020, you performed more than 19 000 actions. The most activated solvers are:
- fixed-bias cathodyne phase inverter
- gain stage +DC-coupled cathode follower
- basic gain stage
- phase inverter fixed or cathode bias
See Usage stats. Stats are available too in the PC app.
Among the many web sites (there was a lot to my surprise) I visited by fall 2019, I found particularly interesting these links
My contribution: a collection of triode solvers for DC bias
This web site is my contribution to the “tube community”, offering a set of solvers able to compute the operating points (DC bias) of the basic low-level circuits that are found in all tube amplifiers: gain stage, cascode, cathode follower, phase inverter.
I programmed them for people who already are aware of tube design but who may feel uncomfortable with true simulation Spice-tools. One solver is needed per circuit. Luckily, the small number of circuits variants allows this simpler approach.
They are not perfect, they are in no case real circuits, and I am not liable for any wrong designs you may create after them! And never forget that playing with tubes is very dangerous because of the required high voltages!
Norman Koren’s modeling
All solvers use the modelling of triodes proposed by Norman Koren in the 2000’s, as described in http://www.normankoren.com/Audio/Tubemodspice_article.html taking advantage of his “new equations” and the parameters he indicates for the triodes 6DG8 (ECC88), 12AU7 (ECC82) and 12AX7 (ECC83). For other tubes (12AT7-ECC81), I took parameters from Spice models found on the Web.
I had also considered other models proposed by Dempwolf und Zölzer and Cohen and Hélie which take into account grid current. But as basic stages normally do not operate with grid currents, I decided to not implement them; in addition, my understanding is that they are based on very little experimental data (only ECC83), and one of them was simply not implementable because of a non documented parameter.
Contact me at tubes @ astefo.com